Dental Hygiene
Dental Hygiene Screening Code 3 & 4 - Periodontal Disease

As plaque adheres to the teeth, gums become inflamed and tender.  The gums begin to pull away from the teeth, leaving pockets where plaque and bacteria can build up.  Plaque that is not removed hardens into calculus and periodontitis sets in. If this process continues, gum disease advances until the bones that support the teeth are damaged causing the teeth to become mobile (loose) and can actually fall out.

Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease.  Symptoms include:

  • Inflamed gums - tender and red
  • Plaque deposits at the gum line
  • Bleeding may occur with brushing and flossing

Periodontitis is the more advanced stage of gum disease.  Symptoms include:

  • Gums begin to pull away (recede) from the bone causing deep pockets to form below the gum line.
  • Food, bacteria, and plaque may become trapped in the pockets
  • Calculus adheres to the roots of the teeth
  • Infection of the gums damages the supporting bone structure
  • Teeth may become loose and necessitate extraction

                        Unhealthy Mouth Drawing

                     Unhealthy Mouth CW

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